Prisoners standing during a roll call at the Buchenwald concentration camp. Schmuhl Photo The first concentration camp in the Nazi system, Dachau, opened in March, By the end of World War II, the Nazis administered a massive system of more than 40, camps that stretched across Europe from the French-Spanish border into the conquered Soviet territories, and as far south as Greece and North Africa. The largest number of prisoners were Jews, but individuals were arrested and imprisoned for a variety of reasons, including ethnicity and political affiliation. Prisoners were subjected to unimaginable terrors from the moment they arrived in the camps; it was a dehumanizing existence that involved a struggle for survival against a system designed to annihilate them.
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A concentration camp is where prisoners of war, enemy aliens, and political prisoners are detained and confined, typically under harsh conditions, or place or situation characterized by extremely harsh conditions. The first concentration camps were established in for confinement of opponents of the Nazi Party. The supposed opposition soon included all Jews, Gypsies, and certain other groups. He had millions kept prisoner in these camps during the course of the war. When we think about the holocaust, we generally also think of these concentration camps where so many Jews were forced to live. However, there were other kinds of people kept in the camps other than Jews.
Between and , Nazi Germany and its allies established more than 44, camps and other incarceration sites including ghettos. The perpetrators used these sites for a range of purposes, including forced labor, detention of people thought to be enemies of the state, and for mass murder. In March , the first concentration camp, Dachau, opened outside of Munich, Germany.
A concentration camp or internment camp is a place where a government forces people to live without trial. Usually, those people belong to groups the government does not like. The term means to confine keep in a secure manner "enemy citizens in wartime or terrorism suspects". Some governments put people in concentration camps because they belong to a certain religion , race , or ethnic group.