It refers to a type of moral theory, as well as to a type of legal theory, but the core claims of the two kinds of theory are logically independent. It does not refer to the laws of nature , the laws that science aims to describe. According to natural law moral theory, the moral standards that govern human behavior are, in some sense, objectively derived from the nature of human beings and the nature of the world. While being logically independent of natural law legal theory, the two theories intersect. However, the majority of the article will focus on natural law legal theory. According to natural law legal theory, the authority of legal standards necessarily derives, at least in part, from considerations having to do with the moral merit of those standards.
Family Culture And Traditions
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In philosophy , rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge"  or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". In an old controversy, rationalism was opposed to empiricism , where the rationalists believed that reality has an intrinsically logical structure. Because of this, the rationalists argued that certain truths exist and that the intellect can directly grasp these truths. That is to say, rationalists asserted that certain rational principles exist in logic , mathematics , ethics , and metaphysics that are so fundamentally true that denying them causes one to fall into contradiction. The rationalists had such a high confidence in reason that empirical proof and physical evidence were regarded as unnecessary to ascertain certain truths — in other words, "there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience". Different degrees of emphasis on this method or theory lead to a range of rationalist standpoints, from the moderate position "that reason has precedence over other ways of acquiring knowledge" to the more extreme position that reason is "the unique path to knowledge". In recent decades, Leo Strauss sought to revive "Classical Political Rationalism" as a discipline that understands the task of reasoning, not as foundational, but as maieutic.
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The folktale in confrontation with a changing world: a Shona storyteller's autoethnography, encompasses his story as a Shona folklorist and creative writer, and the story of the Shona people. Mr Mabasa cited several reasons why he decided to write his thesis in his mother tongue. I am a Shona storyteller, film-maker and author who started telling stories before I could read or write.
In subsequent centuries, the Turco-Persian culture would be carried on further by the conquering peoples to neighbouring regions, eventually becoming the predominant culture of the ruling and elite classes of South Asia Indian Subcontinent , Central Asia and Tarim basin Northwest China and large parts of West Asia Middle East. Turkic-Persian tradition was a variant of Islamic culture. After the Muslim conquest of Persia , Middle Persian , the language of Sassanids , continued in wide use well into the second Islamic century eighth century as a medium of administration in the eastern lands of the Caliphate. Politically, the Abbasids soon started losing their control, causing two major lasting consequences.