Electronic nicotine delivery systems ENDS go by many names. Nicotine levels in e-cigarettes are highly variable, with some reaching or exceeding levels found in combustible cigarettes. These devices work by heating tobacco instead of burning it. Sometimes the tobacco is treated with a humectant like propylene glycol to produce an aerosol inhaled by the user. Manufacturers claim this delivery method is substantially less harmful than traditional cigarettes, but current data on health effects of these devices are sparse and most of what has been published has been by tobacco industry scientists. In , the FDA allowed the first type of tobacco heating system to be marketed and sold in the U.
Sample Literature Review On Cigarette Smoking
Literature Review: Vaping and Your Health
Introduction: E-cigarettes are an alternative to traditional tobacco-based cigarettes. While having considerable societal awareness, conflicting evidence exists to support their claims that they are an effective smoking cessation tool and are safe. A literature review was conducted utilising PubMed and Google Scholar Databases identifying papers between and The aims of this study were to accurately gauge the safety and efficacy of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool. Methods: Search terms including 'electronic cigarettes' and 'vaping' were used to identify suitable references. A total of articles were identified from which papers were excluded due to risk of bias, insufficient detail or were duplicate from which 58 papers were used in the final review.
Literature review- should marijuana be legalised?
Because users inhale heated vapor rather than smoke, e-cigarettes have been marketed as a healthier alternative to cigarette smoking , which is the number one cause of preventable death in the United States. Because of their growing popularity, e-cigarettes are a burgeoning topic among tobacco control, harm-reduction and addictions researchers. While e-cigarettes appear to offer substantially lower exposure to toxic compounds than conventional cigarettes, the health impacts are difficult to evaluate, and remain thus far unclear. Research on the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as smoking cessation quitting tools is sparse, and there is evidence that some smokers use them to avoid smoking restrictions.