Many Jews who strictly observe Shabbat the Sabbath refrain from using electrical devices on Shabbat , with the exception of passive enjoyment of devices which were set up before Shabbat. Various rabbinical authorities have pronounced on what is permitted and what is not, but there are many disagreements in detailed interpretation, both between different individual authorities and between branches of Judaism. In Orthodox Judaism , it is generally discouraged to use electrical devices on Shabbat, but Orthodox Posek authorities of Jewish law have disagreed about the basis of this claim since the early 20th century. Many Orthodox leaders have held that turning on an incandescent light bulb violates the Biblical prohibition against igniting a fire. However, the reasons for prohibiting the operation of an electrical appliance that does not involve heating metal to glowing temperatures which is considered like kindling a fire because of the heat and light , are not agreed upon. At least six substantive reasons have been suggested, and a minority including Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach  believe that turning on most electrical appliances is prohibited only because of common Jewish practice and tradition minhag and to maintain the spirit of Shabbat, but not for any substantive technical halachik reason.
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The vice around my heart and stomach has spread to my tongue and hands. How do I write it, and write it well? How do I honor the best and worst, both? I have sat here like this, countless times, over more than a year, and written nothing.
Want more? Here are prompt slides for writing or discussion that you can display for the entire class. I am always on the hunt for new writing ideas — I love these and have printed them out already. Thank you! We would like to ask permission to use some of the questions as reference for our research on creative thinking skills.
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