To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF.
Ancient Black Americans
Top 10 Sumerian Inventions and Discoveries
The ancient Egyptians were wonderful traders. They traded gold, papyrus, linen, and grain for cedar wood, ebony, copper, iron, ivory, and lapis lazuli a lovely blue gem stone. Ships sailed up and down the Nile River, bringing goods to various ports. Once goods were unloaded, goods were hauled to various merchants by camel, cart, and on foot. Donkeys were used by farmers, not traders usually. Egyptians traders met traders from other civilizations just beyond the mouth of the Nile, to trade for goods brought to them, but they did not often travel themselves much beyond the Nile River.
We all think about doing something that we will be remembered for, and it is just the same for the ancient civilizations who brought us many inventions and innovations. The Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia were no exception and they invented many things that are a part of our daily life today, from mathematics to weaponry. Copper was the earliest non-precious metal first used by the Sumerians, and somewhere around BC they developed the ability to fabricate it.
Founded around BC as a colony of Tyre , it was one of the richest and most powerful cities in antiquity, and the centre of a major commercial and maritime empire that dominated the western Mediterranean until the mid third century BC. After gaining independence in the seventh century BC , Carthage gradually expanded its economic and political hegemony across northwest Africa , Iberia , and the major islands of the western Mediterranean. Carthage's wealth and power rested primarily on its strategic location, which provided access to abundant fertile land and major trade routes. Its vast mercantile network, which extended as far as west Africa and northern Europe , provided an array of commodities from all over the ancient world , as well as lucrative exports of agricultural goods and manufactured products. This commercial empire was secured by one of the largest and most powerful navies in the ancient Mediterranean , and an army composed largely of foreign mercenaries and auxiliaries.