Expectancy Theory of Motivation In a business, what motivates employees to do their best? One theory that may explain the reasons why some employees seem more motivated than others is the Expectancy theory of motivation. The Expectancy theory operates under the assumption that employees will perform well based on self-belief and how much they desire the rewards their actions will render. Three key components and relationships in this theory determine how motivated an employee will choose to be:. Expectancy Theory of Motivation, an approach to improving performance.
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If fact, more energy should be placed on intrinsic rewards. These are realized when an individual feels prideful, satisfied, or feel their self-esteem has inflated Spector, , p. In fact, people have an affinity to find new skills and challenges, to learn and grow their abilities. For illustration, when we select a candidate to come on board with company, if pay is equitable, they will be intrinsically motivated as they will want to grow and prosper. The third component of the plan is related to the asset turnover and return on sales, but comes into play by determining the volume of investment.
Expectancy Theory of Motivation Essay
Please join StudyMode to read the full document. As an individual recognizes a need, they will more than likely employ an action to satisfy that need. The motivational strength will also fluctuate correspondingly with their desire. If the desire increases, so will the motivation. The opposite is true as well.
Whereas Maslow and Herzberg look at the relationship between internal needs and the resulting effort expended to fulfil them, Vroom 's expectancy theory separates effort which arises from motivation , performance, and outcomes. Vroom 's expectancy theory assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and to minimize pain. Vroom realized that an employee 's performance is based on individual factors such as personality, skills, knowledge, experience and abilities. He stated that effort, performance and motivation are linked in a person 's motivation. He uses the variables Expectancy, Instrumentality and Valence to account for this.