The second to last step in conducting a research study is to interpret the findings in the Discussion section, draw conclusions, and make recommendations. It is important that everything in this last section is based off of the results of the data analysis. In an empirical research study, the conclusions and recommendations must be directly related to the data that was collected and analyzed. Simply put, look at the key topics in the conclusion and recommendations.
How to Write a Thoughtful Discussion for Your Scientific Paper
How to Write Effective Discussion and Conclusion Sections
Published on March 21, by Shona McCombes. Revised on October 13, The discussion chapter is where you delve into the meaning, importance and relevance of your results. It should focus on explaining and evaluating what you found, showing how it relates to your literature review and research questions , and making an argument in support of your overall conclusion. There are many different ways to write this section, but you can focus your discussion around four key elements:. There is often overlap between the discussion and conclusion, and in some dissertations these two sections are included in a single chapter.
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Academic Phrases for Writing Results & Discussion Sections of a Research Paper
The discussion section is a framing section, like the Introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction. So reread your introduction carefully before writing the discussion; you will discuss how the hypothesis has been demonstrated by the new research and then show how the field's knowledge has been changed by the addition of this new data. While the introduction starts generally and narrows down to the specific hypothesis, the discussion starts with the interpretation of the results, then moves outwards to contextualize these findings in the general field. The Discussion section is sort of an odd beast because it is here where you speculate, but must avoid rambling, guessing, or making logical leaps beyond what is reasonably supported for your data.
The next big step is writing a scientific discussion. It is the last part of your paper, in which you summarize your findings in light of the current literature. You also need to zero in on how your work will move the field forward and what questions remain.